Poland did agree to mobilize its forces if France did first, however they abstained from voting against the remilitarization in the Council of the League of Nations. So that moment which, I would guess, offered the last effective chance of securing peace without war, went by. Many people thought the Treaty of Versailles was overly harsh, and felt that the new Nazi government was within its rights to try and regain some of its lost territory. Fritsch answered that it would take three days organization but he was in favour of negotiation as he believed that the German Army was in no state for armed combat with the French Army. I accept that hindsight is a great power, but.
Soon after, German reconnaissance forces discovered that several thousand French troops had congregated very close to the Franco-German border. Baldwin asked Flandin what the French Government had in mind but Flandin said they had not yet decided. Hitler ignored their advice and on 1st March, 1936, three German battalions marched into the Rhineland. Hitler, of course, was at no state to make war wi … th France yet. Basically, German troops set foot in that region and started remilitarizing the Rhineland military, which violated the terms of the Treaty of Versailles. Italy, you will remember, was one of the guarantors of the demilitarization.
I suggest everybody read and then come back here to see what can be done about the article's length. One method was the legal action taken against the main leaders of the German Nazi party through the Nuremberg Trials. The extracts from the Cabinet minutes show how little room for manoeuvre British politicians actually had. France and Britain were to afraid to confront him about anything he did and were avoiding conflict at all costs. Given the spaghetti of alliances and treaties among the various powers in this period, just conveying the basic facts in the space of an encyclopedia-length article is difficult enough.
Where: The camps were located throughout German and German occupied territory. In late 1935, Neurath started rumours that Germany was considering remilitarizing the Rhineland in response to the of May 1935, which Neurath insisted was a violation of Locarno that menaced Germany. He had always declared his firm intention of overthrowing the Treaty of Versailles and uniting all Germans in one country, even if it led to war. However the British people felt that the Treaty of Versailles was unfair on Germany and was over-restrictive, and so partly because of this, the British government decided to do nothing. Hitler said later that if the huge French army had counter-invaded, the Germans would have been forced to withdraw, but this was palpably one of his lies as the German army of re-occupation was under strict orders from the Fuehrer to withstand any attempt to dislodge them from their Rhineland. Moreover, the uncorroborated claim of General that if the French had marched in 1936, then the result have been the overthrow of the Nazi regime, is to put it bluntly shows that somebody is not being as critical as they should be in evaluating historical sources. These countries and others wondered if they should not come to terms with the Nazis, as France had shown clearly that she would not honour her pledges.
The Germanophobic French resisted U. Expansionism: Hitler wanted to expand Germany because they needed more land and space and he also wanted to have all Germans united. In total, there was about 32,000 armed policemen and soldiers who occupied the Rhineland. What: Oil and industrial city that was a major battle in Hitler's attack on the Soviet Union. While the French Senate was still debating ratification of the treaty, on March 7, 1936, the Rhineland clauses of the Treaty of Versailles and the Locarno Pact and announced that German troops had entered the of the Rhineland. At the same time, Neurath wanted to provide an opening for the eventual remilitarization of the Rhineland, hence the conditional hedging of the promise to obey Locarno only as long as other powers did. They appeased to Hitler, and he no longer thought that they were going to confront him about anything.
There is no sign that anybody in the ever considered the idea of overthrowing Hitler in the event of a French move into the Rhineland in 1936; even General , the chief of General Staff, who later become involved in plots against Hitler made it very clear during the Rhineland crisis via his voluminous memos that was behind Hitler 100% in 1936. He was hoping the League would be too pre-occupied in their dealings with Italy, to take much notice of his actions. As said above, Britain and France chose to take no action but for a number of reasons, 1. Significance: Major defeat for Hitler and massive numbers of causalities in both armies and civilians. By remilitarizing Rhineland Hitler proved that now Germany was a major power in Europe and treaties which aimed to bring peace was not significant for controlling the situation. Investor fears of a war with Germany were not conducive to raising the necessary loans to stabilize the franc: the German remilitarization of the Rhineland, by sparking fears of war, worsened the French economic crisis by causing a massive cash flow out of France as worried investors shifted their savings towards what was felt to be safer foreign markets.
The lack of such a force would mean that France might have to reconsider its commitments in Belgium and the leave the latter to fend for itself. The French started a war to prevent the Prussians from becoming powerful in Europe, and they were humiliated when the Prussians won. Why: Attempt to damage Soviet oil to help Germany win the war. Hitler had a number of motivations for violating these two major international peace treaties, including the desire to create a domestic distraction from the failing German economy. Germany in the 1920s was keen to get back on normal terms with other nations and signed the Treaty of Locarno. Hindsight is such a wonderful attribute! It showed that even with significant Allied strength the German's Blitzkrieg could divide and defeat the army. They were supposed to be there until 1935 but were withdrawn in 1930.
Not aware of what Flandin was attempting to do, French military officials urged the government to tell Flandin to tone down his language. Hitler refused to withdraw his troops, and put pressure on the League of Nations to act. Reports to the in the spring of 1936 mentioned that a great many erstwhile Social Democrats and opponents of the Nazis amongst the working class had nothing but approval of the remilitarization, and that many who once been opposed to the Nazis under the Weimar Republic were now starting to learn towards supporting the Nazis. Because France had been experiencing a political crisis during this time, there was not any political leadership to focus on the remilitarization of the Rhineland. When the French Foreign Secretary, , heard of the remilitarization he immediately went to London to consult the British Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin, as Flandin wished, for domestic political reasons, to find a way of shifting the onus of not taking action onto British shoulders. During January 1936, the German Chancellor and Führer decided to reoccupy the Rhineland. The Rhineland remilitarization operation was given the code name Operation Winter Exercise.
Significance: Made changes in territory, create zones of occupation and thus set the stage for future tensions and the resulting Cold War. The Rhineland area of Germany, which lay on the border with France, had been banned under the terms of the Treaty of Versailles from containing armed forces within a 50km-wide strip. League of Nations When the Council of the League of Nations met in London, the only delegate in favour of sanctions against Germany was , the representative of the Soviet Union. The British Foreign Secretary, , discouraged military action by the French and was against any financial or economic sanctions against Germany. The lower Rhine region is heavily industrial. Given the way in which German generals such as Guderian lied systematically after 1945 about what they were doing under National Socialism, I would argue that using the words of a German General is rather like using as a source, namely a source that is so unreliable that it ought not to be used at all. Who: Between the Soviet Union and Germany, involving Molotov Soviet and Ribbentrop German negotiations.