It's important to differentiate paraphrasing from patchwriting; patchwriting is a form of plagiarism in which a writer directly quotes portions of a text without attribution and then fills in the gaps with their own words. However, there are some special circumstances where you may have to deviate from this format. Some authors may discuss a particular idea across several pages of their work. What Makes Something a Paraphrase? Here's what I plan to write in my paper: In their study, the volume of the remaining cysts that were followed up 4 months after sclerotherapy using acetic acid was one-half that of the ethanol group and the number of cysts that regressed to under 10% of the initial volume in the acetic acid group was greater than in the ethanol group 2. While it is acceptable to loosely follow a similar structure, paraphrasing requires more than simply changing a few of the original words to synonyms.
Particularly if you have authors with relatively common names, it's likely you'll have multiple sources with authors who have the same last name. In the example, you can see that we started by introducing the context the hearing followed by the last part of the original sentence: the expectations of creators, regulators and users. Stand out from the competition with a perfect scholarship essay. When writing, we include source material as evidence for our arguments, or we include it in order to challenge it. Studying more with paraphrase citations familiarize you with the guidelines of each citation style, and in the process prevents you from breaking the ground rules. Check ourÂ sample paraphraseÂ or contact our writers for! In general, you will paraphrase more than you quote throughout your paper.
In general, you should prefer to paraphrase or sources and studies you find. When citing an interview, provide the date the interview occurred: R. And even when the supernatural powers are not present as dramatis personae as in Sophocles Antigone or Electra or Philoctetes , the transcendent order is nevertheless openly and explicitly evoked through the direct reference to a moral lawthe moral law that in Antigone is violated by Creon and affirmed by Antigonepresented as eternal, immutable, and absolutely binding. The details included manifest itself in the paper, as it is integrated smoothly, explaining the main key points of the discussion. Looking for a dream job? Moxley, Writing Commons is a viable alternative to expensive writing textbooks. Founded in 2008 by Joseph M. Original quote: The hearing made it apparent that the expectations of creators, regulators and users have been rapidly eclipsed by technology in general, not only Facebook.
Simplify recurring citations from the same source, if appropriate. Remember to fix any mistakes you find, as silly as they may be, as it will help you deliver a spotless document. Her sweet mannerisms and gentle laughter soothed him as played on the swing set, enjoying the air that whipped past their faces as they swung. This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. The issues raised by the global use of English as a lingua franca are as numerous as the issues raised by the globalization of cultures and economies.
Provide edition or chapter numbers for classic works. A passage should be quoted if the source explains an idea in the best way possible or in a way that cannot be reworded. If an author directly quotes a difficult passage without analysis or further explanation, it may appear that he or she does not understand the idea. Both paraphrasing and directly quoting have their merit, but they should be used at different times for different purposes. . I will cite the source, but just present the original text with a few minor changes.
And neither Medicare nor the Affordable Care Act include dental care. Some people tend to believe that putting it in their own words is sufficient. Use first initials to differentiate them so your in-text citation will point your readers to the correct entry on your Works Cited page. Paraphrase: When studying Chinstrap penguin defecation habits, Brooks 1995, p. A summary usually conveys all of the main ideas of a text, while a paraphrase can convey the just main point or a small bit of the text, like a single paragraph or sentence. The two methods are closely related, and therefore, can sometimes be confused with one another. It is the last known copywritten by Lincoln and the only one signed and dated by him.
If the words in your paraphrase are your own, though, you should not use quotation marks. Changing two or three words in a sentence and then putting that sentence into your own paper is not a paraphrase. The spread of this one language is unprecedented, and its position as a global lingua franca by many different types of people creates many issues and problems as does economic and cultural globalization. It can be useful to acknowledge the cultural forces that carve us, or edifying to indulge in the tropes of our assigned narratives, but true distinctions of character, intelligence, talent and skill exist at the level of the individual, not of the class — or the ethnicity, the gender, the sexual orientation, the religion and so on. In 2007, the New York State Dental Journal reported that while only one-tenth of general physician costs were paid out of pocket, nearly half of all dental costs were settled directly by patients.
Often, bad teeth are blamed solely on the habits and choices of their owners, and for the poor therein lies an undue shaming. The opposite could also be the case, i. English Composition 1 Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing The examples used on this page refer to an interpretation of a literary text Sophocles' Antigone but the same principles apply to any sources you might use in an essay. Even worse my dog kept barking at her crying and he was even louder! Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. But an advanced writer will prefer paraphrase because of its flexibility. A paraphrase means to re-word what you heard or read into your own words, shortening it up.