For experimental psychology, You certainly don't want to harm the subject, for example the ethics of running tests on pain tolerance, or perhaps simulated application of pain upon other subjects. Some of these include pollution prevention, landfilling, recycling, comprosting, waste reduction, waste to energy plants, hazardous waste disposal, and litter prevention andcontrol. Issues would include, deception of any sort. The psychologist must verify that the patient completely understands the information. These issues impact psychological testing because the lack of conduct codes, and ethical practices, the field of psychology would be placed under scrutiny as an unreliable practice. An asset does not need to have a cost. In keeping with these teams embrace clinical, academic, personnel, and research.
Psychologists cannot be depended upon to explore and treat conditions that ale the human race without regard to their rights as individuals to protect themselves. Legality Issues Supporting the Use of Pre-Employment Testing. Discussed as well will be the definition of the term test, the major categories of tests, and the major uses and users of these tests. Everyone at one point in their lives has gone through some form of testing or has done a test. There are five major categories of testing which are important to testing, with the four major uses and users of testing. A test is valid if its content directly relates to the ability to perform the job in question.
While it was determined that therapy provided by a social worker was covered under confidentiality laws, the social worker was found to have given out more information than was required because she gave out additional information when it was requested. Testing and assessments conducted by someone not adequately trained could lead to improper diagnoses and be cause for legal action. Mental ability tests are designed to assess cognitive function, such as memory, reasoning, and vocabulary Hogan, 2007. Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct. Informed consent involves supplying the full information about what the test will entail to the participant: such as the purpose of the test, who will have access to the results, any risks to participants, and any costs or charges to them Koocher, G. Our planned two-week investigation into the psychology of prison life had to be ended prematurely after only six days because of what the situation was doing to the college students who participated.
Apart from these, in general situations the ethical issues of informed consent and confidentiality also apply in this area. What impact do these issues have on the field of psychological testing? Someone who has had a bad experience with one therapist may not seek help from another one even when he or she desperately needs it. Psychologists must take care while ensuring reasonable accommodations are made for these individuals without creating an environment that produces an unfair advantage over other clients Hogan, 2007. When research is carried out, it gives rise to certain ethical issues. The fact that a given conduct is not specifically addressed by an Ethical Standard does not mean that it is necessarily either ethical or unethical. Administering bias is when the person conducting the testing either has a bias about the participant and then changes the questions or then eliminates some participants based upon this bias.
A: One ethical issue is the use of informed consent. Even if research is being conducted on specific groups such as a particular group of criminals say rapists , they should be given the option to participate in the research voluntarily, not forcibly encouraged to do so. Informed consent is meant to protect both the researcher and the participants; it is an ongoing agreement in which the participant may withdraw from at any time during the testing Hogan, 2007. And if those creating the tools and technologies do not anticipate and prepare for the ethical issues that will arise, Lowman cautioned that the practical utility of many tools may be limited. Various ethical issues are: 1. What impact do these issues have on the field of psychological testing? This decision led to the concept of informed consent that allows adults capable of making an informed decision the right to decide if they want to receive medical treatment Whitstone, 2004.
Some of the most popular ethical issues in regards to psychological testing are the bias factor. Achievement tests are used to assess a. Words: 822 - Pages: 4. The mental ability tests are comprised of many different tests which main goal is to test a wide variety of cognitive functions including memory, spatial visualization and creative thinking. Possessing general training in the field of psychology does not mean that a therapist is qualified in every situation that could arise. It is better to get legal advice to ensure there is not a problem rather than putting oneself in risk of a malpractice suit.
. While laws may differ from state to state, ethical considerations are more consistent throughout the profession. Competence is a very important ethical principle of psychological testing. In the past, it has been linked to racial and socio-economic differences between the person administering and the participant. If the patient refused services in this type of situation the doctor would have an ethical dilemma regarding what they should do and what he or she is legally allowed to do. Mandated evaluation and the obligations of the psychologist do. This is where smaller suppliers don't have as much probability in getting their products on shelves compared to large suppliers, because they cannot afford as much shelf space, regardless of whether they supply b … etter-quality products Jobber, 2007.
And, realizing that each person may have different strengths and weaknesses. Second, maintaining confidentiality is another significant issue associated with psychological testing, and the psychologist is bound by ethical codes to refrain from referring to a patient's results outside of the appropriate context Hogan, 2007. These tests must also have a degree of reliability and validity in order to be useful in the field of psychological testing. Individuals learn of their matched team options and may apply for such vacancies on nomination. Psychologists have their own well-developed codes of ethics, Lowman said, which are of particular interest when discussing testing and assessments because primarily psychologists and those in related fields create the tests and they sometimes, but not always, oversee or influence how the tests are administered and interpreted.