Although there are no clear explanation regarding its full impact, here are a few pros and cons of hydraulic fracturing to get started. For this reason, it is affirmative that gas is a lot cleaner than fossil fuel. Until recently there was no way to get at these vast quantities of oil deep beneath the surface of the earth. After a decade of drilling and fracking, the U. Since it is unknown what the companies are putting in the blast mixture, it is concerning as to what happens to those exposed to it. This poses a problem especially when fracking is considered more important than people who need water to live. Fracking has made natural gas cheaper than coal, and it's likely to remain this way for years to come.
This has resulted in the rate of natural gas in the country to drop significantly. Increased Release of Toxins Even though a large majority of the mixture used to blast the rocks underground is just water, there is a measure of chemical used. This fractures the shale and causes pressure to build up deep below the earth. Blasting the water mixture creates small fissures in the rocks. However, while many energy experts laud the numerous benefits of hydraulic fracturing, environmentalists claim that the dangers to the environment are far greater. So is fracking really safe? However, several environmentalists have cited that accidental digging of wells can cause this fracking fluid to rise up, and this can very well pollute ground water.
Despite the fact that it has become a modern way of acquiring oil and gas, it still has some undetermined impact in return. Natural gas resources are depleting fast, as the demands keep increasing each year. Final Thoughts Citizens are not yet certain how they are going to react to hydraulic fracturing. Fracking processes go on throughout the day and night, meaning that light pollution goes on at all times, and the heavy, noisy vehicles that bring materials and carry gas away can disturb the sleep of those living in the area of a fracking plant. Like many political footballs, it's being tossed around for headlines when the better efforts would be spent on seeing that it grows responsibly -- and quickly.
First and foremost, a well is dug in the possible extraction site. McClendon is on a mission to get the U. Increase Return on Investment Conventional techniques of drilling do not produce the same results as fracking, which is especially important as the United States looks for more unconventional oil and natural gas sources. Modernization has brought with it convenience, but this convenience has come at a cost. Increased Droughts Fracking requires vast amounts of water to break through the rock beneath the surface, for example, each fracturing job typically requires between 1 and 8 million gallons of water to complete. Hitherto inaccessible, we have managed to invent a way of getting down many thousands of feet into the earth to get essential out to use to heat our homes and cook our food, for instance.
However, research does suggest that shallower fracking, which comes closer to water resources, may require more precautions. By Jacob Wheeler Hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, is an innovative and cost-saving process for drilling oil and gas from rock formations far underground, and is a booming industry in Michigan. Since fracking is still new to the industry, there were many bans on its use. List of Pros of Oil Energy 1. Hydraulic fracturing supports clean air as well. The chemicals and the sand in the mixture act as anchors, holding the fissures open, and without these additives, the cracks would close very quickly trapping the shale gas.
Fracking will increase energy independence and energy security. Accordingly, this method will extract deposits of oil and shale gas by injecting pressurized water into the rock containing the said resources. Therefore, to keep pace with the growing need, a new method was devised to obtain gas from the more difficult-to-tap shale rocks. The process involves drilling down into the earth and blasting layers of the earth apart to access the natural gasses. How do the induced fractures interact with naturally occurring fractures in the rock? But where are the emerging areas of knowledge, and where are the blind spots and holes in the literature? Its annual figures are nothing short of mind-boggling, and we aren't even speaking about the revenue! But I will do my best to simplify the idea. Release of greenhouse gases Another major issue generated by fracking is related to the release of greenhouse gases. This kind of unwillingness to come clean has given an industry that is largely an environmental boon a non-entirely-undeserved reputation as an environmental bane.
Natural gas is cleaner than coal, oil and even propane, and if we start using natural gas instead of coal and oil to generate electricity, less carbon emissions will be released and the quality of the air that we breathe will improve. In the 2010 Academy Award nominated documentary Gasland, a Colorado man is seen as he opens up his kitchen faucet and sets the water on fire. Over the past 50 years, we have come to rely more than ever on it, and this has caused an explosion of demand, which has resulted in the depletion of many gas wells. Recent research is showing that seismology in Texas and Oklahoma are getting increasingly risky and unknown changes. Though this method is revolutionary, its consequent environmental problems have many environmentalists questioning its safety.
Easily Produced and Refined The task of producing oil is not that daunting. Water Droughts Considering the fact that over half the nation is currently experiencing water droughts, the concept of using massive amounts of water to probe underground for oil and gas that may not even be available has given pause to many environmental observers. This causes a lot of air pollution. We have all heard of the oil boom in North Dakota. The fracking fluid is then pumped into the ground until it reaches the layer of natural gas. Giving the fact that fracking is an extraction technique that will continue to be used in the future, it is more than obvious that it will keep creating new jobs in the U.
It is like a low humming vibration noise that can be heard day and night during the night gets stronger because the other noises are not present. However, this easily-obtainable natural resource isn't perennial. It can be used without break throughout the day as long as there is storage. Even today, after ten years of fracking, the prices of oil and natural gas are pretty low, which creates the premises for a future, in which natural gas replaces the more polluting fossil fuels such as coal and oil. A few years ago scientists believed that we would run out of fossil fuel soon. They also use hundreds of truckloads of other material. If people fail to use it judiciously, it will use up the energy in the near future.
This could have far reaching long term consequences, as ground water supplies can become contaminated. Some of the chemicals used in fracking, such as hydrochloric acid, can be very dangerous for the environment. The burning of natural gasses and oil releases less harmful particles in the air. Water supplies in fracking zones have been known to show an increased presence of toxic chemicals. People living in such areas are very affected by the noise problem, some of them cannot sleep during the night. It can pave the way to health problems.