Although it's only a dusting, Jem is determined to build his first snowman and sets out creatively making one out of dirt, and then using the precious white snow to cover it up. Scout asks if she can go with Calpurnia again, and Aunt Alexandra is outraged. Nathan finding them the next morning and turning him in. It answers the unspoken question that follows such a horrific event: what could be worse than this? Scout and Dill's relationship, though close, is still childish and innocent, as shown in the end of the chapter. Her surviving father is practically paralyzed by his grief and pain, and often unavailable to Caitlin emotionally. Calpurnia explains that most people can't read anyway. In spite of Atticus' insistence to the contrary, the sheriff refuses to press charges against Boo.
Ewell says that he ran to get the sheriff. Scout and Jem listen intently to everything that is said in the courtroom. She gets Jem to investigate, and they discover Dill hiding under Scout's bed. Calpurnia, who is minding the children, takes Jem and Scout to her church one day. Scout has never seen anything like their church before, and marvels at how the Church doesn't even have hymns. Scout tells Jem that they should listen to Atticus and do what he says, but Jem thinks they can keep plying without getting in any further trouble.
Scout is an extremely intelligent girl and has already taught herself to read because, every night, her father reads to her. Jem runs into the Radleys' yard and touches the outside of the house. Jem gets his pants caught, and he has to leave them there, caught in the fence, so he can get away with Scout and Dill. Jem overhears Aunt Alexandra warning Atticus that he is bringing disgrace to the family name. The place: Maycomb, Alabama, finalist for Most Boring Town in America.
The reader has the advantage of a storyteller who can look back at a situation and see herself exactly as she was. Heck Tate arrives with news that Bob Ewell is dead. This chapter builds the trial's suspense quite significantly, as the reader begins to understand Atticus's situation. When people join together in a mob, they lose a feeling of responsibility for their actions, because they act as a group rather than as separate individuals. Later that afternoon, Atticus leaves the house in his car, carrying an electrical extension cord with a light bulb at the end. They look for Atticus in his office, but finally spy him sitting outside the county jail, with the light bulb providing light for him to read his book.
The story starts with the first summer that Scout and Jem meet Dill, a little boy from Meridian, Mississippi who spends the summers with his aunt, the Finchs' next-door neighbor Miss Rachel Haverford. A patient and loving, if somewhat unusual, father, Atticus acts as the voice of reason for his children, and later the entire town. At the start of Chapter 12, Jem has turned twelve years old, and he continues to grow farther apart from Scout. The children have heard stories about Boo stabbing his mother with scissors. Her Uncle Jack is a doctor in Boston, while her Aunt Alexandra runs Finch's Landing.
Scout is six, and Jem is ten, and they have just discovered a boy hiding in their next door neighbors turnip greens. They're all related by blood or marriage to everyone in town, so it's a close-knit group to say the least. Scout begins to look forward to Dill's return that summer; however, she is disappointed when she receives a letter from him saying that his mother has remarried and he will be staying with his family in Meridian that summer instead. Dolphus Raymond drinking liquor from a paper bag and sitting with the black people. Adding to Scout's summer despair, Atticus is often absent from home because he is part of the state legislature, which has been called into session. As Maycomb legend tells it, Boo got into trouble with the law as a youth and was shut up in his house by his father. As our story begins, summer has just started.
For some reason, Atticus assumes that the killer is the 10-year-old boy rather than the silent, hulking giant, and he starts planning Jem's legal defense. Aunt Alexandra believes the Finch name to be a proud one, and she wants Jem and Scout to believe the same. Cunningham emphasizes her knowledge of young and reminds Mr. He reads her to sleep and then waits by Jem's bedside for his son to wake up. Likewise, without people like Atticus going out of their way to help others, the darkness of prejudice could perpetuate itself indefinitely.
Atticus asks Scout that, no matter what she hears, she's not to get into a fight with someone over this case. Scout agrees with this decision and explains her understanding to her father. Things proceed fairly smoothly until they're caught by Atticus, who forbids them to set one more foot on the Radley property and to leave Mr. Ewell shows himself to be arrogant and crude. Things slowly return to normal in Maycomb, and Scout and Jem realize that Boo Radley is no longer an all-consuming curiosity. The children have no idea who is leaving the items in the tree.
Any small crimes or mysterious happenings in town are said to be his work, and rarely will anyone pass the house alone at night. The court rests for ten minutes, but no one leaves the courthouse Analysis Aunt Alexandra's views typify the general consensus of traditional assumptions held by the Maycomb community. She seems to believe that behaviors and character traits are hereditary, passed on from one generation to the next - one family might have a Gambling Streak, or a Mean Streak, or a Funny Streak. There is good in Mayella, her flowers are the only beautiful thing at the Ewell residence, and Scout thinks that Mayella seems to make an effort to keep herself clean, but her actions seem motivated by cowardice. It becomes very apparent in this section that Jem is becoming further distanced from Scout in terms of growing up. Miss Rachel appears on the scene and reprimands Dill but allows him to stay. They decide to write a letter to whomever is leaving them things, but they're shocked to discover the next day that the hole has been filled with cement.