Important mountains in india. Top 10 Highest Mountain Peaks of India 2019-02-28

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Top 10 Highest Mountain Peaks of India

important mountains in india

To the south of the range is the. Delhi, the capital of India, also fell in this category till 1991 now National Capital Territory. It is divided into four parts -- Konkan coast Mumbai, Goa , the Malabar Coast Kerala , the coast of Gujarat and the Kannada plains. Bhima River Bhima River is an important River of south India as well as the longest tributary of Krishna River. You will see a wide variety of fauna including the imperiled one-horned Asian rhinoceros, Royal Bengal Tiger, different species of deers including the spotted Chittal , sloth bear, leopard, small wild cats, wild dog, and the white stockinged gaur biggest wild cattle in the world. The is Dhupgarh with an height of 1,350 m 4,429 ft in. It stretches all the way from Jammu and Kashmir in the north to Arunachal Pradesh in the east.

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Top 5 Mountain Peaks of India

important mountains in india

This famous pass is located in the India- China border was reopened in 2006. This is formed by the Ganga and its tributaries. That area has long been famous for harbouring violent gangs of criminals called dacoits, who find shelter in its many hidden ravines. By extension Himalaya Range also include the Karakoram, the Hindu Kush, and other lesser ranges. The high cliffs, spotless basins, and cascading waterfalls add an appeal to its magnificence. There is abundance of bamboos, canes, wild bananas, rare orchids and other types of trees.

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Top 5 Mountain Peaks of India

important mountains in india

Kaveri, Godavari and Krishna flow through it. Kanchenjunga is a group of five peaks out of which four are over 8450 ft. Recall that the Indus River drains into this sea. Even more impressive is that its annual flow of water is twice as much as that of the Nile River, the longest river in the world. The city of Udaipur also lies on its southern slope. Between the Great and Lesser Himalayas are several fertile longitudinal vales; in India the largest is the , an ancient lake basin with an area of about 1,700 square miles 4,400 square km. The total length of the coastline is 7,517 kilo meters.

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Major Mountain Passes in India & Himalayas

important mountains in india

These ghats are older than the Western Ghats and they have some very important pilgrim sites like Tirumala Venkateshwara Temple in Andhra Pradesh. Besides, the Hindu Kush runs in Afganistan , Siachen and Biafo Glacier Gilgit Baltistan, Pakistan also form a part of this range. Tibetan plateau surrounds the Himalayas from the north. After originating in Trimbakeshwar, Maharashtra it flows eastwards towards the Eastern Ghats entering in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh and finally empties into the Bay of Bengal. The ecosystem of the mountains is, however, suffering because of the effects of tourism activities in part and poaching and other human encroachment. Grey dotted lines stand for the state boundaries and will help you to get familiar with the Indian states and their neighbours.

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Major Rivers of India

important mountains in india

The peak is regarded as the patron-goddess of the Uttarakhand Himalaya. Aravalli Ranges are said to be the oldest among mountains in India, covering the northern end of the country, lining up the States of Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Haryana terminating in Central Delhi, dating back to the times earlier to Indian subcontinent colluding with Eurasian Plate. The highest peak in this range is at Mount Abu, rising to 5,650 ft, lying near the border with Gujarat. Nanda Devi Nanda Devi is the second largest mountain in India with elevation of 25,643 feet. This also remains snow covered during the winter season. They were created by the same tectonic processes which led to the formation of the Himalayas.

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India Geography Maps, India Geography, Geographical Map of India

important mountains in india

It covers over 60% of the geographical area of Rajasthan and also extends to Pakistan where it is known as Cholistan Desert. This pass connects Arunachal Pradesh and Myanmar. In the absence of these mountains, a major part of the Indian Subcontinent would have been a hot and dry desert. This mountain is the third highest peak in the world and the highest point in India, and it rises to an elevation of approximately 28,209 feet. It is surrounded by Myanmar and Bangladesh on its East. Mountains in Sikkim Sikkim is a very small state in India.

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Important Mountain Passes In India For UPSC Civil Services Exam

important mountains in india

The Western Ghats: The Western Ghats is 1600m long mountain range that runs from Gujrat to Kanyakumari in south India. From West Bengal, it enters into Bangladesh where it is known as Padma River. Mountains in Uttarakhand Mountains in Uttarakhand have gained popularity for a number of reasons. Eastern Ghats Mountain Range is smaller than western Gnats Mountain Range. Interspersed in the Siwaliks are heavily flat valleys duns with a high population density. The other rivers in the country include Mahi, Betwa, Penner, Kosi, Tungabhadra and several others. The eastern portion is made up of the combined of the Ganges and Brahmaputra rivers, which, though mainly in Bangladesh, also occupies a part of the adjacent Indian state of West Bengal.

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What Are Major Landforms of India?

important mountains in india

Kanchenjunga — 28169 ft, 8586 m : Kanchenjunga is the third highest peak in the world and 1st in India. . Broadly classifying there are seven Mountain ranges in India and these ranges have some of the greatest mountains peaks in India as well as in the world. It covers an area of 3,42,239 sq. Towards the east it extends across Himachal Pradesh forming the high ridges of the Large gorge and extending towards the south of the Pin Parvati Valley before it forms the ridgeline east of the Sutlej River. India remains one of the most ethnically countries in the world. The Vindhya Range The Vindhya range is one of seven chief holy mountain ranges in India.


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Major Rivers, Oceans & Mountains of India: Names & Facts

important mountains in india

Satpura range is triangular in shape with its apex at Ratnapuri other two sides being parallel to the Tapti and. The other union territories of the country include Chandigarh in the north; Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu in the west; Lakshadweep in the southwest; and Puducherry and Andaman and Nicobar Islands in the southeast of the country. The Purvanchal Range The Purvanchal Range is the extension of the Great Himalaya range in north-east region of India. For more interesting Geography articles and videos, visit:. Chambal River Chambal River is another major river of India as well as the largest tributary of River Yamuna.

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