In some cases, professors may demand section headers, in order to enhance legibility. Others, such as and styles, specify formats within the context of a single citation system. Capitalization The dictionary is one place you can look to see if a word should be capitalized. It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the list of works cited. If not known, the name of the article can be cited. An archived message is cited in its original form unless the message was accessed through a Web server rather than the list server or newsgroup. Thus, the current system is based on a few guiding principles, rather than an extensive list of specific rules.
The title of your page should be centered and not use special formatting: no italics, bold, all caps, etc. Publication Title Year Published: Pages Used. Include a page number after the author's last name if one is given. New York: Modern Language Association of America. So, let's talk about what you need.
From the first page on, your entire paper should be double-spaced. Do not include them as footnotes, which are listed at the foot of each page as they appear. However, if you are discussing, for example, the historical context in which the episode originally aired, you should cite the full date. Separate the body of the paper into section headings when appropriate. The pieces of information you'll need to know when creating an in-text citation for your paper are: the name of the author or authors of the work you're citing and the page number on which the information you're using can be found. Ask for the help of an expert who can take care of your formatting troubles rapidly and productively! The name of the dictionary should be placed in italics.
This simple guideline is sufficient for student writers. It should be in Numerical Day Month Numerical Year format. Archives are usually maintained on the mailing list's server and may also be available through a Web page. As shown above, each in-text citation must include both the author's name as well as the page number where the information in the sentence can be located. Works Cited List Example Barber, Russell J. Typical citations are listed in-line with alphabetic-label format, e. All academic disciplines have adopted standards for publishing.
More precisely, a citation is an abbreviated alphanumeric expression embedded in the body of an intellectual work that denotes an entry in the bibliographic references section of the work for the purpose of acknowledging the relevance of the works of others to the topic of discussion at the spot where the citation appears. For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on Netflix on a different date. When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your use of it. Journal of Documentation, 64 1 , 45-80. On the top right-hand side of every page. In some cases, a container might be within a larger container.
Includes sources in electronic format. You eat almonds to stave off hunger. Accessed Day Month Year Wikipedia entry was last viewed. Pro tip: keeping track of the pages where you found pieces of information you know you'll want to use in your paper while still in the research phase will save you time when you're citing because you won't have to flip through all your sources to find the right page numbers for the information at the end of your process, which, I can tell you from experience, is frustrating. International Journal of Research in Marketing. This time I didn't include the author's name, so I included it in the parenthetical reference along with the page number. Accessed Day Month Year of Access.
If you do not have information such as an editor's name, a volume or page numbers leave those sections out of your citation. If your paper deals with many complicated subjects. This means that we follow the first-listed spelling when there are variants—that is, when a word can be spelled more than one way. Different citation systems and styles are used in , , , , and the. Volume Number, Publisher Name, Date of Publication, pp. Note that you do not need to include any extra space at the end of a paragraph.
Reference list Place this part in your bibliography or reference list at the end of your assignment. Line Spacing Set line spacing to double space. For novels and lengthier materials, use italics. Usage guidelines address issues such as comma placement and the presentation of numerical values. Dictionaries usually list the most commonly used compound words. Left-align your text again and begin writing the body of your paper.
Once you become familiar with the core elements that should be included in each entry in the Works Cited list, you will be able to create documentation for almost any type of source. For example, if you want to cite a poem that is listed in a collection of poems, the individual poem is the source, while the larger collection is the container. Referencing: Principles, practices and problems. Research suggests the impact of an article can be, partly, explained by superficial factors and not only by the scientific merits of an article. The title of the entry should be in quotation marks, with each word starting with a capital letter.