Does the face and footing you choose for yourself encourage the attitude you wish to elicit from your audience? Of course there are always gender and cultural differences in every organization. Provide an example of how communication has helped you develop your self-concept. However, Giles' approach deals not only with convergence through accommodation, but also with divergence, where deliberate linguistic differences can be employed by a group as a symbolic act for asserting or maintaining their distinct identity. It is whether someone knows about what is being communicated and not just trying to keep up with everyone. What to look for Accuracy Has the research supported that the theory works the way it says it does? It includes traditional areas of interest, such as aging, health, gender, culture, close relationships, and human-machine—based interactions.
Communication is much more than just talking to one another it is an ongoing social process that uses symbols to represent phenomena, and provides individuals with meanings, all of which occurs in an environment. The theory talks about, people wanting to portray their positive identity to others. Divergence is used to emphasize differences between communicators. People became emotionally and intellectually invested in the lives of the. Definition The perceptual process by which we observe what people do and then try to figure out their intent or disposition. They do this in order to gain approval, increase communication efficiency, and maintain positive social identity with the person to whom they are talking.
Intergroup communication also focuses on explaining conflict and miscommunication and, in particular, intergroup communication focuses on communication between dominant and subordinate groups. Theory Evaluation Evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the theory based on the Theory Evaluation Criteria refer to the foundations of communication theories modules for a review of the theory evaluation criteria and other factors such as the amount of evidence supporting the theory or if it can be applied to multiple populations. Ethical appeal expresses character, trustworthiness, responsibility, intelligence, and likableness. The collectivistic approach is when the individual is more concerned with the apprehensions of the group. Definition Kramarae is enthusiastic about blogs or online journals that are immediately publishable and available to all Internet users.
Language barriers can also be difficult to work through. The problem arose when it was noticed that such entertaining programmes were upping their popularity by introducing elements like sex and violence to grab more eyeballs. The exit stage They will choose whether to continue the relationship based on the satisfaction level of the interpersonal communication. The employees deal with the debtors which would be the clients majority of the time. This bibliographical review provides key authors and references for the area of intergroup communication. Factors affecting communication process 7 6. The handbook examines conceptual and methodological developments in studying intergroup communication.
High face-saving Low face-saving Context High Low Favoured business communication approach Politeness strategy; indirect plan Confrontation strategy; direct plan View of directness Uncivil; inconsiderate; offensive Honest; inoffensive View of indirectness Civil; considerate; honest Dishonest; offensive Amount of verbal self-disclosure Low High Vagueness Tolerated Untreated Source: Adapted from Romana Paszkowska, Intercultural Communication Module. Anticipation of future interaction We want to reduce uncertainty when we know we will see the other person again. Be clear and concise, and provide explanations for your answers. Communication also establishes social status as people tend to adopt the communication behavior of people who are higher in social status than theirs. All of these things help lead to Convergence in conversations. Introduction to Communication Worksheet Paragraph Questions Answer the following questions in your own words.
Communication accommodation theory is related to social psychology. Information seeking The need of information seeking decreases as uncertainty about the other person decreases. Shift Report Each shift begins with a report by the head nurse from the previous shift. Purpose: To analyze the communication events in one of the approved films below. Some of the factors that may change communication efforts are gender, age, and cultural differences. It is the effectiveness that tends to vary based on the qualities of the organization. Term Explain the different motivations for convergence and divergence.
The handbook includes chapters on a range of social groups, including ones that are less studied, such as groups defined by sexual orientation, or religion or those with disabilities. Discourse management is the act of carefully choosing topics that will not generate tension or awkward moments. When mike got an opportunity to interact with him, he glorified the beauty of a painting the officer has been displayed in his office which pleased the officer. Men and women are known to communicate differently. According to Introducing Communication Theory 2010 , what is the definition of communication? Example: In the film Gung Ho, the cultural differences between Japanese workers and American workers is often highlighted. The minority men also held the positions that were considered the most financially stable.
Or if: - It just slips out, sometimes. The field has continued to embrace new contexts, such as policing and civilian relations, internet communication, and the application of social neuroscience to measure brain activity across intergroup encounters. The junior uses convergence process whereas the senior uses divergence process. Reciprocity Uncertainty is directly proportional to reciprocity. Kramarea: Women are the muted group and men are the dominant group. Also called linguistic accommodation, speech accommodation, and communication accommodation.
This is something that everyone does, whether intentional or not, to seek approval or acceptance from others, improve our perception, or influence the way others view us. This section will answer questions such as who, if any, are working in this theory today? Be clear and concise, and provide explanations for your answers. The primary thing I am looking for is for you to use specific concepts and terms from the course text or lecture. The characteristics that set multicultural organizations apart are; an absence of discrimination, low levels of intergroup conflict, and full structural integration with full integration of informal networks. This theory is based on many of the same tenets as social identity theory.
Stereotypes are bad perceptions of out-groups. The book states that the theorist tested this theory by evaluating recordings between the police and citizens in interactions. When working as a group, one must always remember to consider their team mates religions and cultures as well as their abilities to perform the tasks assigned to each individual. When interacting with individuals of low social status, we are motivated to maintain our distance or be perceived as being different from the low status individuals. It does not matter who we are, most of us have dealt with a form of convergence sometime in our lives.