The citation also requires the title of site italicized , editor of site, publication information, name of sponsoring institution or organization, electronic address and date of access in parentheses. Name of Editor First name, last. An example of a secondary source is the book titled, The Treaty of Versaille: A Concise History , by Michael S. This means only including a works cited page at the end of the paper is not sufficient. The easiest method is to treat the initials as a unit.
Congress name, session number, year, volume section number. There are different ways of doing in-text citations, depending on the style guide you use. Chicago Style Chicago, in-text note: Donald Davidson to Edwin Mims, 10 August 1935. Produced by producer's name and directed by name of director. If readers want more information about this source, they can turn to the Works Cited page, where, under the name of Wordsworth, they would find the following information: Wordsworth, William. Multiple Sources Johnson 12; Lee 20; Williams 15. You will list the details, with a period between each.
Reference to a different work requires a new full citation. Each Record Group has a distinctive number and name, example: Record Group 300 Chancellor's Office. The Purdue Owl Online Writing Lab recommends describing the survey in your paper. So how do you cite it in your paper? If you are having trouble locating a specific resource please visit the or the. Purdue University Archives and Special Collections, Purdue University Libraries, West Lafayette. Chicago, Works Cited: Brainard and Frances Neel Cheney Papers. Providing accurate citations gives credit to the original creator as well as identifies where the item is stored for factchecking and future research.
Identify the publisher and date. Explain why you are introducing them and what conclusion a reader should draw from them. Vanderbilt University Special Collections and University Archives, Nashville, Tennessee. The source information required in a parenthetical citation depends 1 upon the source medium e. Primary research is different from secondhand research, which is information that can be found in books or databases.
Just as with published primary sources, many archives are digitizing non-sensitive material and making it available to the public. At each ear a hearer. Brainard and Frances Neel Cheney Papers, Box 16 File 20, Vanderbilt University Special Collections and University Archives. For published primary material, your third entry within the citation should designate the format of the source. Three Authors If there are two or three authors of the source, include their last names in the order they appear on the source Smith, Johnson and Garcia 56. Can I cite Wikipedia or other anonymous on-line resources? The overarching record group is the most important pointer to you and your readers about where to find the specific document s you cite. All too often, readers do not know enough about a work to determine where to locate it in a subdivided list.
Common knowledge and non-controversial facts do not need to be cited. Use this format when using approved websites containing primary source material. Abbreviations: Most classical authors and texts do have standard abbreviations that you may want to employ; these can be on page xxix ff. Christopher Taylor is an Adjunct Assistant Professor of English at Austin Community College in Texas. When you refer to something without quoting it directly, you should usually still give a citation telling your reader where to find the passage you are referring to. The important rule of thumb is this: only divide a works-cited list if it helps readers navigate the list. Use secondary sources sparingly; you should always try to locate the original source of information which is cited in a work which you have read.
The Booth Tarkington letter shown here could be cited in the following ways: American Psychological Association: Tarkington, B. In-Text Citation Example Author's Last Name Page Number Example: Nelson 257 If you are using an online primary source from a website, follow the format below: Author's Last Name, First Name. Some sources are nested within larger containers, particularly when it comes to ones accessed electronically. Four or More Authors Smith et al. The Penguin Historical Atlas of Ancient Rome. If your published source is from the Internet, you will need to include the website and last time you accessed the page. Gallery or museum where the image is physically located.
If you do decide to use the quote from the source you are using, however, you must recognize both sources. You should provide enough words to make it clear which work you're referring to from your Works Cited list. This is, however, not always possible: sometimes the original work is out of print, unavailable through your usual sources or not available in English. In addition to creating a bibliography of references at the end of your text, you will usually need to cite your primary sources as you go. He received his PhD in English Literature and Medieval Studies from the University of Texas at Austin in 2014.
The closing quotation mark comes after all punctuation. For example, the Library of Congress shows how to cite a website by starting with the author's last name, first name and middle initial, if available. These could be a direct quotation, or a paraphrase. Smith noted that many of her fourth-grade students were experiencing significant difficulties learning how to tell time personal communication, March 3, 2015. If the page is attributed to an author, include that information as well. This information can allow you and your reader to more readily access the material either at the source or order it.
See the Resources for a full category list of other primary source in text citations. Our citation guide and guide both explain how to manually format and cite all of your primary and secondary sources. Chamberlin, adapted by Muriel L. Record Group 510 College of Arts and Sciences, Box 2011 File 23, Vanderbilt University Archives. This ascribes credit to the proper company or body, and may help you or other readers obtain a copy of the source.